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Survey and Landscape Archaeology on Montserrat, West Indies

Soufriere Hills Volcano

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On July 18, 1995 the Soufriere Hills volcano erupted in the southern half of the Caribbean island of Montserrat, destroying the capital city of Plymouth and countless archaeological sites, and also forcing two-thirds of the island’s population of 12,000 to flee abroad. Detailed information about the volcano and its history is availble on the Montserrat Volcano Observatory website.

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Plymouth, Montserrat's capital city, before 1995 and in 2007

The volcano has been erupting continuously since 1995, with major episodes as recently as 2007 and October 2009. Plymouth is now covered in over 30 feet of volcanic mud and ash, deposited by pyroclastic flows and lahars (volcanic mudflows).

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These images of the former Courthouse in Plymouth are but one example of the scale of devastation that the volcanic eruptions caused to the southern third of the island

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NASA sattelite photo of a recent volcanic event on 11 October 2009, during which a plume of ash reached 20,000ft into the sky. The SLAM survey area covers the right side of this image

SLAM Homepage | Montserrat Archaeological Resources | Soufriere Hills Volcano | 2010 Fieldwork | Project Crew Members | Collaborations, Publications, etc. | Bibliography | Links

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Page last modified by jfc Sat Apr 28/2012 10:54
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